Wakenagun serves the “Mushkegowuk Region”. These communities include Attawapiskat, Fort Albany, Kashechewan, Peawanuck, Moose Factory, Moosonee, Taykwa Tagamou, Missanabie, and Fort Severn.
The community of Attawapiskat is located 52 degrees north and 82 degrees west. It has a land area of 1.32 km and is located along the Attawapiskat River, 5 km inland from the James Bay coastline. It’s an isolated community, which has Timmins as the nearest urban center located approximately 500 km south. It is situated approximately 160 km north of Moosonee.
The community of Fort Albany is located in the district of Cochrane on the West coast of James Bay, Longitude 82 degrees west 45’ and latitude 53 degrees north 20’. The community is situated on Sinclair and Anderson’s Islands on the Albany River, and on the mainland. The community is 128 air Km northwest of Moosonee.
The community of Kashechewan is located in the district of Kenora 81 degrees west longitude and 52 degrees north latitude. It is a First Nation of the Albany Reserve #67. The community is located on the northern shore of the Albany River, 10 Km upstream from James Bay. An isolated community, the nearest urban centre is Timmins and it is located approximately 300 miles south. The nearest community is Fort Albany and it is also a First Nation of the Albany Reserve #67. The distance between the two communities is approximately 12 Km. The distance by air is 5 minutes and one hour by boat.
The Missanabie Cree First Nation is a distinct group of the Mushkegowuk Cree whose traditional territory is centered in and around Missanabie Lake, Dog Lake, and Wabatongushi Lake. These were just some of the water systems we used.
Moose Factory is located in the district of James Bay, 51 degrees 15′ North longitude and 80 degrees 17′ West latitude. Moose Factory is an island that lies 3 miles south of the mouth of James Bay. Moose Factory is 3 miles long and 2 miles wide and is approximately 1300 acres.
Moosonee, located in the district of Cochrane is situated at 80 degrees Latitude N 35′ and Longitude 51 degrees W 07′. The community is situated on the north side of the Moose River approximately 8 miles inland on the West Coast of James Bay. Moosonee is Ontario’s only saltwater port. Referred to as the “Gateway to the North” Moosonee is central to points north for both east and west coasts of James Bay.
Weenusk First Nation History Weenusk (ground hog) First Nation is Cree. This First Nation speaks in N dialect Cree and English. They once traded with the Hudson Bay Company at York Factory, Fort Severn, Fort Albany, Moose Factory, Rupert’s House, Fort George, and Ottawa. Weenusk was once a trading post; therefore, the Cree families along the Weenusk River moved closer to the post because they had become dependent on the white man’s goods. The Scottish labourers that worked for the company took some Cree women as wives, so by the time when the Government Officials arrived for Treaty Nine, the Weenusk settlement was pretty much a mixed / Metis nation. From 1955-1965, the Canadian Government had built and stationed in fourteen radar bases along the Hudson Bay Coast. During this time the people of Weenusk were employed with the Canadian Military. On Friday May 16, 1986 approximately 11:30 a.m. eastern standard time, the village of Weenusk existence came to an end. Spring Break ups are spectacular things to see from nature however, as a survivor of the Weenusk Flood, the sight is not pretty. The Flood claimed two lives. That same year the Weenusk People relocated 18-20 miles up the river. A place known as “Peawanuck” became their new home.
The Taykwa Tagamou First Nation has a reserve located 14 km west of the Abitibi Canyon Hydro Generation Station between Cochrane and Moosonee. Due to the isolation of the reserve and lack of employment opportunities, the reserve was never occupied. In the early 1980’s, initiatives were taken by the Chief and Council to find a new home for the Taykwa Tagamou First Nation. In 1984, a new site was chosen and this has become the current location for Taykwa Tagamou First Nation.